The Vigolana Plateau
The mountains surrounding the Plateau protect it from cold winds, so it has a mild climate and its average altitude is 700 meters above sea level.
From 1 January 2016 the four municipalities that made up the plateau merged into each other and became one new bigger municipality: Altopiano della Vigolana.
The four municipalities are now four localities – Bosentino, Centa San Nicolò, Vattaro and Vigolo Vattaro- villages that bask in the sun and enjoy a splendid panorama of the Valsugana, the Adige Valley and the Central Eastern Alps, with the Brenta Group in the foreground. Those are little villages that have maintained unchanged their architecture and their traditions over time, mixing them with modern life thanks to their proximity to other cities, lakes and mountains of Trentino.
A veritable balcony full of flowers overlooking Lake Caldonazzo, this town on the edge of the Plateau and on the southern face of Mount Bosentino is located at 688 m a.s.l.
Together with Migazzone, a hamlet in its territory, Bosentino still has the look of an antique village. Its houses bedecked with stone portals and balconies have the typical architecture of rural Trentino.
In 1939, it was annexed by the town of Vigolo Vattaro, but in 1947 regained its independence until 2016, when it merged into the town of Altopiano della Vigolana.
Centa San Nicolò
“Centa” is named after the stream running through the town, while the suffix “San Nicolò” is more recent and honors the patron of the Church.
Located on the western side of the Plateau at 833 m a.s.l., this unique town comprises a multitude of farmsteads and hamlets whose names are mirrored in the surnames of the people.
The birth of the town was first mentioned in a 1216 deed through Federico Vanga, the Price-Bishop of Trento, awarded the mountain lying between Folgaria and Centa to Urico and Enrico of Bolzano, so they could build as many farmsteads or courtyards as possible and thus increase the fertility and population of the area.
Located on the slopes of Doss del Bue at 697 m a.s.l., Vattaro is composed of five neighborhoods full of historic buildings such as the Bortolazzi Palace; it still has its original cylindrical tower and set of embrasures, and contains frescoes of country life by Erasmo Antonio Obermüller (the “Pistolese”).
Originally a town of farmers, Vattaro was also home of the “caradori” or carters who would travel from Trento to Feltre to sell their farm products and lumber. The antique customs station still found on the old road leading to Centa is evidence of these trips.
Also located in the territory of Vattaro is Pian dei Pradi, a town that was created from a single farmstead extending over a magnificent clearing of meadows that is surrounded by woods.
Situated at 724 m a.s.l., Vigolo Vattaro has ancient origins that are evidenced by the Roman road which was build to connect the Valsugana with the Adige valley.
Because of its strategic position between Vigolana and Marzola mountains, the town was the object of regular conflicts. Vigolo Castle, a defensive emplacement, dates back to the Renaissance. The highly picturesque upper area of the town features antique buildings that follow the irregular topography, thus creating narrow streets and charming views.
Massive doors in stone, balconies and climbing vines add life and color to the houses, which still have yesterday’s architecture, but are blended into modern setting.